For Authors


The authors are fully responsible for the language of their articles. Articles not meeting the standards of sound English grammar might not be published. All articles are refereed. Acceptance of articles is the responsibility of the Chief Editor after reading comments from the assigned Reviewers. Articles submitted will be subjected to initial evaluation by Editor followed by peer-review by two external referees familiar with the area of research. Only articles of high scientific quality will be accepted for publication. After review process, the Editor will inform the authors of the acceptance, rejection or necessity of revision of the article. Articles are accepted for review only when they report unpublished work that is not being considered for publication elsewhere.

Submit your manuscripts online by clicking ‘Submit Manuscript’ at the top right.

Very Important
Article Withdrawal Policy
Frequently, an author may wish to withdraw a manuscript after submitting it. Author must inform of the withdrawal of a manuscript before its acceptance after peer-review, failing which the article cannot be withdrawn. The reasons for this policy? We spend a lot of time and effort to arrange peer-review of manuscripts and after acceptance, the manuscript is immediately sent for further processing of galley proof. For all this effort, we pay our employees, and we do not want our efforts and money to be wasted. We do not want to suffer any loss due to the author’s lack of seriousness. The author needs to realize that open access reputed journals (indexed by DOAJ) cannot publish without fee from the authors, if the journals do not have any other funding source.

Submission of Manuscripts

The manuscript should be submitted in the form of a single file uploaded as ‘Primary Manuscript File’:

The file must have the title of the manuscript. Please send rtf/doc/docx files only. Do not zip the files. Please incorporate images in the file at the places where they should be. If file size is large, graphs/images can be submitted separately as ‘Supporting File(s)’ without incorporating them in the article file to reduce the size of the ‘Primary Manuscript File’. The pages should be numbered consecutively, beginning with the first page of the article file. This file should also include the following sections after Discussion/Conclusion, in the below sequence:

  1. Acknowledgment(s), if any. One or more statements should specify 1) contributions that need acknowledging but do not justify authorship, such as general support by a departmental chair; 2) acknowledgments of technical help; and 3) acknowledgment of financial and material support (funding institution), which should specify the nature of the support.
  2. Presentation: If the manuscript was presented as part of a conference/meeting/seminar/symposium, the institution/organization, place, and exact date on which it was read. A full statement to the editor about all submissions and previous reports that might be regarded as redundant publication of the same or very similar work. Any such work should be referred to specifically, and referenced in the new paper. Copies of such material should be included with the submitted paper, to help the editor decide how to handle the matter.
  3. Author Contributions. Statements for each author if there is more than one author.
  4. Conflict of Interest. A statement of financial or other relationships that might lead to a conflict of interest. If it is not applicable, please type “None”.

The covering letter (uploaded as ‘Supporting File’) should provide the following details:

  1. Full names (in the order “First” “Middle” “Last”, no initials please) of all authors/contributors in the first line. In the second line below the names, give affiliations including department, faculty/school, institution/organization to which the work should be credited, city and country. The e-mail of the corresponding author (full name marked with *) should be given below the affiliations.
  2. Manuscript type (Original Research Article, Case Report, Review Article, Short Communication, Letter to Editor, etc.).
  3. The total number of pages and total number of images/tables/graphs/figures.
  4. A statement that the manuscript has been read and approved by all the authors, that the requirements for authorship as stated earlier in this document have been met, and that each author believes that the manuscript represents honest, original work.
  5. Registration number, ONLY in case of a clinical trial, and where it is registered (name of the registry and its URL).

Guidelines for Preparation of Manuscripts in Microsoft Word File Format

Text: Arial 9; Single-columned, justified, with 1.15 line spacing.
Pages should be numbered.
The following headings should be provided in the manuscript. Number the headings and subheadings starting from Introduction e.g. 1.0 Introduction, 1.1 subheading, 1.2 another subheading; 2.0 Methods, 2.1 subheading, 2.1.1 subheading within 2.1 and so on, up to Conclusion. All the headings and subheadings should be in bold, UPPERCASE & left-aligned.
Article Title (Arial, 14 bold; Centrally-aligned)
Abstract (not more than 500 words) - Arial, 8; One paragraph, no subheadings, no citations.
Keywords (Arial, 8); at least three
Methods (include Ethics Committee approval and/or Patient consent statement, if required)
Discussion (may be combined with Results)
Conclusion (could be given as last paragraph of Discussion or separately)
References (Arial, 8)

Abbreviations used throughout the text must be spelled out (expanded) in the form of a list given after Keywords. Subsequently, only the abbreviated form must be used throughout the text.

Manuscript Title: It should be limited to 25 words or less and should not contain abbreviations. The title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the paper.

Abstract: Abstract, not exceeding 500 words should be provided summarizing brief introduction, methods used, results and conclusion of the study. No subheadings & references should be given in this section. Following the abstract, a list of Keywords (3-5) must be given by the authors.

Introduction: It should provide a clear statement of the study, the relevant literature on the study subject and the proposed approach or solution. The introduction should be general enough to attract a reader’s attention from a broad range of scientific disciplines.

Methods: It should provide an overview of the study design. Detailed descriptions of materials or participants, comparisons, interventions and types of analysis should be mentioned. However, only new procedures should be described in detail; previously published procedures should be cited and important modifications of published procedures should be mentioned briefly. Capitalize trade names and include the manufacturer’s name and address.

Results: It should provide complete details of the experiment that are required to support the conclusion of the study. The results should be written in the past tense when describing findings in the authors’ experiments. Previously published findings should be written in the present tense. Results and Discussion may be combined or given as separate sections. Speculation and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in the results but should be put into the discussion section.

Figures, Images & Tables: Figures should be of good resolution and clearly readable. Tables and Graphs should be prepared in Microsoft Word and Excel. Scientific pictures should have at least a resolution of 300 DPI (Dots Per Inch) for good quality. Only JPEG (JPG) file format for illustrations and figures is accepted for images. Figures, Images and Tables must be placed at their final positions within the text.

Article Image: Authors must provide one image (additional or from within the manuscript) during submission. This image will appear alongside the article throughout the journal’s website. Also, it will be shown when the article is shared on social media.

Reference and Citation Style (applicable from Vol. 2, 2016):
This journal uses the numbered citation (citation-sequence) method. References are listed and numbered in the order that they appear in the text. In the text, citations should be indicated by the reference number in brackets [ ]. Multiple citations within a single set of brackets should be separated by commas. When there are three or more sequential citations, they should be given as a range. Example: “… now enable biologists to simultaneously monitor the expression of thousands of genes in a single experiment [2, 4-7, 30]”. Make sure the parts of the manuscript are in the correct order for the relevant journal before ordering the citations. Authors are requested to provide at least one online link (preferably PubMed) for each reference if DOI is not available. Authors are fully responsible for any error in the Author Names, Title, Journal Name, Year, Volume, Issue & Page Numbers, in the citation of references. ISBN should be provided for any cited Book and Chapter in a Book. All references must have a corresponding citation in the text and vice versa.

Style/format of ‘References’ list at the end of article:
National Library of Medicine (PubMed) style must be used and all references, including links, must be numbered consecutively, in square brackets, in the order in which they are cited in the text. An individual reference number must be associated with each reference. Excessive referencing should be avoided. Only cite the articles, datasets and abstracts that have been published or are in press, or are available through public e-print/preprint servers. Obtaining permission to quote personal communications and unpublished data from cited colleagues is the responsibility of the author. Journal abbreviations should follow Index Medicus/MEDLINE. Citations in the reference list should include all named authors, up to the first 6, before adding ‘et al.’. If requested by the editorial office, any in press articles cited within the references and necessary for the reviewers’ assessment of the manuscript should be made available.

Abbreviations, Units: Authors should follow internationally agreed rules especially those adopted by the IUPAC-IUB Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature (CBN). The journal will essentially follow the rules defined in the IUPAC Manual of Symbols and Terminology for Physico-Chemical Quantities and Units (Butterworths, London, 1970).

Authorship: For papers to be published in any journal, each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content (this statement is taken from the authorship policy adopted by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and published in the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, 1994 and New England Journal of Medicine, 336: 309-315, 1997).

Galley Proofs: Proofs will be sent to the corresponding author by email only. Author must respond, with or without corrections as the case may be, as soon as possible. The time between acceptance and publication will depend upon the time taken by authors to send the corrections or final approval of the proof.

Please inform the Managing Editor about any change in the email address of the corresponding author at any stage until publication of the manuscript.